The game of lawn bowls is very simple to learn but can take years to perfect. Games are played in a sportsmanlike fashion, with positive support and comments for all players.
The goal of the game is to get more of your team’s bowls closer to the jack (the small white ball) than your opponents’ on each “end” played. A typical game is 14 or more ends, with an overall running tally kept at all times to establish the winner.
Lawn bowls come in sets of 4, the maximum number of bowls you will roll in one end of a game (only 3 bowls each are used in triples and 2 in rinks — as quadruples is known). The big surprise of the game is when you first pick up a bowl and feel how heavy it is. Notice that all bowls come in sets with different emblems on each set to identify who the owner is — which is very important when you score. See Equipment and Glossary for more details.
But the bigger surprise is when you try to roll the bowl and see that it doesn’t go straight! Wow. These bowls are not round. They are weighted to one side and have a built-in natural bias. So you always roll the bowl on its smooth areas (areas without emblems or markings), with the small emblem on the side to which you want it to curve. How much it will actually turn is a factor of how fast you roll it (known as “the weight”), where you aim it (known as “the grass”), the condition of the green, and other bumps of nature. But you always try to release the bowl smoothly aiming at a distinct point that you hope will bring the bowl to rest at its best target position.
While the whole bowling green is square, games are actually played in assigned lanes (known as rinks) which are designated with small markers on the edge. These also act as great reference points for aiming when you roll. To protect the grass, different rinks and different directions are used on different occasions.
There are both forehand shots and backhand shots, and you will need to learn both. But don’t forget to check your emblems to avoid the embarassement of a reverse bias shot when your bowl will surely take off into a neighboring rink.
In singles play, it is just you against an opponent (with a neutral spotter to help center the jack). In team play, the following positions exist:
Lead: The person who leads off
Vice: The next person to play, and the Vice Skipper of the team
Skip: The Skipper. Always plays last. Usually the most experienced player who also guides most of the strategy.
The Skip of whichever team “has the mat” waits at the far end, then the Lead player, physically places the mat and has their Lead player roll the jack to establish its position for that end. The Skip aligns the jack on a center line, with hand guidance signals from the Lead. After that, teams alternate who rolls their bowls, starting with Leads, then Vice Skips. Once these players have all rolled, they change ends with the Skips who in turn try to improve on their respective team’s scoring positions. You are allowed to roll your bowls however you wish, provided you have at least one foot over the mat on release. Most will find that the smoother the roll the better. So watch the experienced players and see how smooth and consistent their releases are, even if they can’t get low down to the ground.
If one bowl gets a bounce off another player’s bowl, it is known as a Wick. Hence the name of our monthly newsletter. Skips often get good at promoting their team’s bowls to better positions around the jack.
When all have finished rolling, the Vices are in charge of agreeing on the score. The bowl closest to the jack scores one point. Subsequent bowls, of the same team that are closer to the jack than any of their opponents continue to count as one point. As soon as an opponent’s bowl is the next closest to the jack, scoring stops for that end. The losing Vice or Skip notes the score on the blackboard or scorecard, while the losing Lead rakes the bowls back. Simultaneously, the winning team’s Lead places the mat and prepares to roll the jack for the next end.
NOTE: This is but a brief summary but is all you need to get started. Your New Member Welcome pack provides much more information. Of course, most of us just learn at a day on the green. And the most valuable lessons are to be had when you join games.